Flooring & Wall Paneling Surfaces
When the material has just a light pass taken so the entire surface is not planed smooth. It is generally done so you can see both the original weathering and saw marks while also revealing the figure in the wood.
The weathered patina is planed off, revealing the aged grain patterns from slow growth. Aged wood has many characteristics beneath the patina face such as evidence of past insect activity, spalting, and nail holes that new wood has not had the time to develop. Smooth Top is a wonderful alternative to the rustic look.
The decades of weathering and aging is evident on the wood. This patina is best specified when surfaces can have some unevenness in thickness from board to board, allowing the raised grain, enhanced character, and individuality of each board's history to show.
Beam & Mantel Textures
Any beam that was squared and shaped using a broad adzing axe. Hand hewn beam surfaces retain chipping characteristics and product a very unique and nostalgic look.
Surface texture created by a circular saw blade. Commonly associated with material that was originally milled in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
Smooth Four Sides (S4S)
Material that is surfaced smooth on all four sides.
Hardwood comes from flowering trees such as oak, maple, or walnut. Hardwoods are generally slower growing, and have a less defined grain pattern between the heart wood and sap wood. In newly harvested woods, hardwoods are stronger and more durable than softwoods but that is not always the case in reclaimed woods.
Softwood comes from evergreen conifers, like pine or Doug fir. About 80% of all timber comes from softwood. Softwoods have a wide range of applications and are found in building components. Softwood is typically less expensive compared to hardwood.
Tongue & Groove
A method to join two boards together, most commonly in flooring and wall paneling to make a flat surface. A slot (groove) is cut on one edge, and a marrying ridge (tongue) is on the opposite edge, so when joined the tongue fits in the groove.
A lip-like pattern milled on the edge of a board so that each board may overlap and interlock.
A micro-bevel is a small edge detail that shows between the joining of two boards. Where reclaimed wood can often slightly fluctuate in thickness, and micro bevel will help to conceal this texture.
Engineered flooring is made up of layers. The top layer is wood, and the bottom layer is a core built from 5 to 7 layers of plywood that crisscross in different directions. Engineered flooring is thought to be more stable due to the natural wood glued to the plywood layers.